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# EMRS Exam Pattern for PGT

- July 31, 2023
- Posted by: Sushil Pandey
- Category: Daily Blogs Exam Syllabus

EMRS is an online paper having multiple choice questions in sections: Reasoning, General Awareness, Knowledge of ICT and Teaching Aptitude. The entire paper is of total 130 questions and 130 marks.

__EMRS Exam Pattern for PGT ____ __

Tests | Section | No. of Questions | Total Marks | Time Duration |

Part 1 | General Awareness | 10 | 10 | 3 hours |

Part 2 | Reasoning Ability | 20 | 20 | |

Part 3 | Knowledge of ICT | 10 | 10 | |

Part 4 | Teaching Aptitude | 10 | 10 | |

Part 5 | Domain Knowledge | 80 | 80 | |

Total | 130 | 130 | ||

Part 6 Language Competency Test (General English and | ||||

General Hindi-10 marks each subject |

__Syllabus -PGTs DETAILS__

• __General awareness__

General knowledge and Current affairs with special emphasis in the field of education.

• Reasoning Ability

Puzzles & Seating arrangement, Data sufficiency, Statement based questions (Verbal.

reasoning), Inequality, Blood relations, Sequences and Series, Direction Test, Assertion

and Reason, Venn Diagrams.

• __Knowledge of ICT__

Fundamentals of Computer System, Basics of Operating System, MS Office, Keyboard

Shortcuts and their uses, Important Computer Terms and Abbreviations, Computer

Networks, Cyber Security, and Internet.

• __Teaching aptitude__

Teaching-Nature, Characteristics, Objectives and Basic requirements, Learner’s

characteristics, Factors affecting teaching, Methods of Teaching, Teaching Aids and

__Evaluation Systems.__

• Experiential activity-based pedagogy and case study based

• National Education Policy (NEP)- 2020

• __General English__

Verb, Tenses, Voice, Subject-Verb Agreement, Articles, Comprehension, Fill in the Blanks,

Adverb, Error Correction, Sentence Rearrangement, Unseen Passages, Vocabulary,

Antonyms/Synonyms, Grammar, Idioms & Phrases

• General Hindi

__PGT- Physics syllabus__

__Units and Measurements__

Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units, significant figures. Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

__Motion in a Straight Line__

Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line, Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non- uniform motion, and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity – time and position-time graphs, Relations for uniformly accelerated motion.

__Motion in a Plane__

Scalar and vector quantities; position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of vectors. Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration, projectile motion, uniform circular motion.

__Laws of Motion:__

Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second laws of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion- vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road.

__Work, Energy and Power:__

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power, Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: nonconservative forces, motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

__Rotational Motion__

Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body & System of Particles and Rotational Motion Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and Centre of mass motion, Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod, Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions. Moment of inertia, radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects.

__Gravitation:__

Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, universal law of gravitation, Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite.

__Mechanical Properties of Solids__

Elasticity, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.

__Mechanical Properties of Fluids__

Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications -hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes, effect of gravity on fluid pressure, Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its simple applications, Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

__Thermal Properties of Matter__

Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat capacity. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, Stefan’s law.

__Thermodynamics__

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature, zeroth law of thermodynamics, heat, work and internal energy, First law of thermodynamics, Second law of thermodynamics: gaseous state of matter, change of condition of gaseous state -isothermal, adiabatic, reversible, irreversible, and cyclic processes.

__Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases :__

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number.

__Oscillations and Waves:__

Periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions and their application, Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equations of motion; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring- restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum -its time period. Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of travelling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats.

__Electric Charges and Fields:__

Electric charges, Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution, Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field. Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell-field inside and outside.

__Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance:__

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two-point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field. Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor

__Current Electricity:__

Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, V-I characteristics (Linear & Non-Linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, temperature dependence of resistance, Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff’s rules, Wheatstone bridge.

__Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism:__

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment, Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop, Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Straight solenoid, force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Force on a current- carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, moving coil galvanometer – its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

__Magnetism and Matter__

Bar magnet, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis (qualitative treatment only), torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field lines.

__Magnetic properties of materials-__

Paramagnetic, diamagnetic and ferromagnetic substances with examples, Magnetization of materials, effect of temperature on magnetic properties.

__Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents__

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, Self and mutual induction, Alternating Current Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance, power in AC circuits, power factor, wattless current, AC generator, Transformer.

__Electromagnetic Waves__

Basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their transverse nature (qualitative idea only). Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

__Ray Optics and Optical Instruments Ray Optics:__

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism. Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

__Wave optics:__

Wave front and Huygens’s principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts, Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maxima.

__Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter:__

Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light, Experimental study of photoelectric effect Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation.

__Atoms & Nuclei:__

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model of hydrogen atom, Expression for radius of nth possible orbit, velocity and energy of electron in its orbit, hydrogen line spectra, Composition and size of nucleus, nuclear force Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.

__Semiconductor Electronics:__

Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators, Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors- p and n type, p-n junction Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, application of junction diode -diode as a rectifier.

By Sushil kumar pandey

Director Adhayan IAS Academy

www.adhyayanias.com