CIVIL SERVICES EXAM [ PART -I]
- February 18, 2021
- Posted by: Sushil Pandey
- Category: Daily Blogs
About the exam
The first foremost requirement to gain success for entry in the civil services is to know about every aspects of the civil services . If the candidate know all the intricacies to join civil services , the first becomes easier before hand; as the proverb goes ” Forewarned is forearmed “. Let us , therefore , know in general about the civil services.
UPSC , a constitutional autonomous body , conduct every year civil services exam in two successive stages . The stage of preliminary Examination and Main Examination. The Main examination are divided into two parts one of these are Mains descriptive and other one Interview for the final selection of Candidate. The civil services are common exam for the government services of Group A and Group B. there are 23 services which are associated with state and central Government. The final merit list are issued on the total marks of main and personality Test .
Name of services:
1 .IAS ( Indian Administration Service)
2. IFS( Indian Foreign Service)
3. IPS ( Indian Police Services )
4 . Indian Post and Telegraph Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’
5. Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’
6. Indian Revenue Service (customs and Central Excise ) , Group ‘A’
7 Indian Defence Accounts Service , Group ‘A ‘
8. Indian Revenue Service, Group ‘A’
9. Indian Ordnance Factories service , Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager , Non Technical )
10. Indian Postal service , Group ‘A’
11. Indian civil Accounts Service , Group ‘A’
12 Indian Railway Traffic service , Group ‘A’
13. Indian Railway Accounts Service , Group ‘A’
14 .Indian Railway Personnel Service , Group ‘A’
15. Post assistant Security Officer, Group ‘A’ in Railway Protection Force
16.Indian Defence Estate Service , Group ‘A’
17.Indian Information Service ( Junior Grade) , Group ‘A’
18 Indian Corporate Law Service , Group ‘A’
After The Amendment to Article 312 of The Constitution , the various Central and All India Services Were Brought under the fold of ‘ Civil Services ‘ . These services are called Group ‘B’ Services.
19. Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services , Group ‘B’ (Selection Officer’s Garde )
20. Delhi , Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep , Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group ‘B’
21. Delhi , Andaman & Nicobar Islands ,Lakshadweep , Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli Police service , Group ‘B’
22. Puducherry Civil service, Group ‘B’
23. Puducherry Police service , Group ‘B’.
Therefore , above services comes under the category of CSE/UPSC .
ELIGIBILITY FOR UPSC/CSE
As per the Civil Services Age Limit, the candidate Should be between 21 and 32 years, as on 1st August 2021 (for the UPSC CSE 2021), i.e., he must have been born not earlier than 2nd August 1989 and not later than 1st August 2000.
Civil Services Age Limit is an essential factor in the eligibility criteria. Therefore candidates applying for UPSC Exam should check these details properly before filling the online application form.
IAS Eligibility: Educational Qualification The various academic requirements as per the IAS Eligibility Criteria are given below:
• Minimum qualification for UPSC exam: The candidate must hold a degree from Government recognized Universities or possess an equivalent qualification.
• Candidates who are in their final year or awaiting results are also eligible to appear for UPSC preliminary Examination. All such candidates who are likely to appear for IAS exams must produce proof of having passed the said examination along with the application for the main IAS examination.
• Candidates having professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degrees.
• Medical students who have passed the final year of MBBS, but are yet to complete their internship also have eligibility for IAS. Although, along with the Main Examination application, a certificate of course completion (including internship) from the concerned authority of the University/Institution has to be submitted.
IAS Eligibility: Nationality
For IAS and IPS:
• Candidate must be a citizen of India
All other Services:
• Candidate must be either:
- A citizen of India, or
- A subject of Nepal, or
- A subject of Bhutan, or
- A Tibetan refugee who came to India before 1st January 1962 intending to settle in India permanently, or
- A person of Indian origin (PIO) who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Ethiopia, Zaire and Vietnam intending to settle in India permanently.
• The candidates belonging to categories (2), (3), (4) and (5) should furnish a certificate of eligibility issued by the Government of India. Such candidates may take the exam before getting the said certificate of eligibility, but he/she would get the offer of appointment only after the Government of India has issued the certificate.
• Point to Note: A person belonging to categories (2), (3) and (4) are not eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service (IFS).
Plan of Civil Service exam:
- Preliminary Examination
- Main Examination
CIVIL SERVICE PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION
General Studies I
- Current events of National and International importance: On Current Events of National and International Importance, candidates will be expected to have knowledge about them.
- Indian History: Ancient, Medieval, Modern: In History emphasis should be on broad understanding social, economic and political aspects of Indian History. In the Indian National Movement, the candidates are expected to have synopsis view of nature and character of the freedom movement, growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence
- Indian and World Geography- Physical, Social, Economic geography of India and the World: In World Geography only general understanding of the subject will be expected. Questions on the Geography of India will relate to Physical, Social & Economic Geography of India.
- Indian Governance and Polity: It covers details of Indian Polity, Economic and Culture, questions will test knowledge of country’s political system including Panchayati Raj and Community Development, broad features of Economic policy in India and Indian Culture Political System, Constitution, Public Policy, Panchayati Raj, Rights issues, etc.
- Social and Economic Development: Sustainable Development Poverty Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc. General Issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change- that do not require subject specialization.
- Environmental Ecology, Climate Change, and Biodiversity – general issues that do not require subject specialization: The questions will be in respect to problems and relationship between Population, Environment and Urbanization. General Issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization, General awareness of the subject is expected from candidates.
- General Science: This section questions will be from general appreciation and understanding of Science including matters of every day observation and experience, as may be expected of a well educated person, who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline
General Studies II (CSAT)
- Interpersonal skills (including communication skills)
- Analytical Ability & Logical Reasoning
- Problem Solving & Decision Making
- General Mental Ability
- Elementary Mathematics (class X level – Algebra, Statistics, Geometry and Arithmetic):
- Elementary Mathematics (Upto Class X Level)
(i) Number systems: Natural Numbers, Integers, Rational and Irrational numbers, Real numbers, Divisors of an Integer, prime Integers, L.C.M. and H.C.F. of integers and their Interrelationship.
(iii) Ratio and proportion
(v) Profit and Loss
(vi) Simple and Compound Interests
(vii) Work and Time
(viii) Speed, Time and Distance
(i) Factors of polynomials, L.C.M. and H.C.F. of polynomials and their Interrelationship, Remainder theorem, simultaneous linear equations, quadratic equations.
(ii) Set Theory:- Set, null set, subsets and proper subsets of a set, operations (Union, Intersections, difference, symmetric difference) between sets, venn diagram.
(i) Constructions and theorems regarding triangle, rectangle, square, trapezium and circles, their perimeter and area.
(ii) Volume and surface area of sphere, right circular cylinder, right circular Cone and Cube.
- Statistics: Collection of data, Classification of data, frequency, frequency distribution, tabulation, cumulative frequency. Representation of data – Bar diagram, Pie chart, histogram, frequency polygon, cumulative frequency curves (ogives), Measures of Central tendency: Arithmetic Mean, Median and Mode.
General English (class X level)
- Active Voice and Passive Voice
- Parts of Speech
- Transformation of Sentences
- Direct and Indirect Speech
- Punctuation and Spellings
- Words meanings
- Vocabulary & Usage
- Idioms and Phrases
- Fill in the Blanks
General Hindi (class X level)
- हिंदी वर्णमाला, विरामचिन्ह
- संधि, समास
- अनेकार्थी शब्द
- विलोम शब्द
- मुहावरे एवं लोकोक्तियां
- तत्सम एवं तद्भव देशज विदेशी (शब्द भंडार)
- हिंदी भाषा के प्रयोग में होने वाली अशुद्धियां
- उत्तर प्रदेश की मुख्य बोलियां शब्द रचना, वाक्य रचना, अर्थ